When Roger puts the sheets over the dead body he tried to do surgery on, he has an internal monologue before a black surgeon appears. The monologue, surgeon, and mentions of Carla and the mean janitor are all references to the TV series, Scrubs.
Hayley inquires if Tanquaray is getting a "de-lux apartment in the sky," quoting a line from the theme song to the television show The Jeffersons.
The name of the strip club which the CIA go to is XanaBoobs, a reference to the film Xanadu which was inspired by the poem Kubla Khan by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
When appearing on stage, Stan is credited as "Michael Dangelo", a reference to the Italian Renaissance painter Michelangelo.
The boys escape Space Camp by digging their way through the mud during a rain storm while screaming, just like John Goodman and William Forsythe in Raising Arizona.